Tagged: theme and rheme

When ‘existence’ should not exist

šŸ˜¦ Some people believe that the existence of machines helps to generateĀ more profit than loss.

flag-of-indonesiaĀ This is a common translation problem for Indonesians. Keberadaan!

In English it is automatically assumed that things and people exist, unless otherwise stated.

šŸ™‚ Some people believe thatĀ machinesĀ help to generateĀ more profit than loss.

šŸ™‚ Some people believe that the absence of machines can result in losses.

Incidentally, can anyone guessĀ the names of the couple in the cover photo for this post, and why were they chosen? Comments below! šŸ™‚

@eapguru

How low can you go?

šŸ˜¦ Women having a first childĀ wasĀ low in both years (1995 and 2005).

WomenĀ wasĀ low(?!) Here we have some subject / verb disagreement, and so I’m guessing thatĀ itĀ was actually a different singular countable noun that was low, and not ‘women’!

šŸ™‚ The percentageĀ of women having a first childĀ wasĀ low in both years (1995 and 2005).

Your opening theme was ‘women’. If the women you mentionĀ wereĀ indeed low thenĀ this could mean several things (click for captions):

When you’re describing numbers, you mustĀ describe numbers. Remember that numbers are represented by statistics words: number, amount, percentage,rate, ratio, etc.Ā If you do not use one of these words then your writing becomes very difficult to follow, and obviously this affects your IELTS score.

@eapguru

First the problem of no verb.

šŸ˜¦ First of all, the problem of humans using too many of the world’s resources.

Me: Obviously this is no good because there’s no verb.
You: What about ‘using’? Isn’t that a verb?
Me: Sometimes yes, but here it functions as a noun modifier, not as a verb. It’s telling you something about the noun ‘humans’. It’s part of one long noun phrase: ‘the problem of humans using too many of the world’s resources. If you want to you can use this long noun phrase as a subject:

šŸ™‚ First of all, the problem of humans using too many of the world’s resources is a difficult problem to solve.

..or as anĀ object:

šŸ™‚ The government is striving to solveĀ the problem of humans using too many of the world’s resources.

 

In futureĀ make sure your sentence has at least a subject and a verb.

@eapguru