Another song from eapguru – this time to practice the words ‘easy and ‘difficult’. See also this earlier post for further practice of these not-so-easy items!
A free handout with lyrics and tasks for students accompanies the song. The video features Indonesian EAP students preparing to study abroad. Enjoy!
😦 Routine activities make our hearts are happy.
I’m not sure why Indonesian students run into problems with make, especially when make is tied to an adjective – as it is in this example. The Indonesian structure is exactly the same as the English:
Buat orang senang = Make someone happy = Make + noun + adjective
🙂 Routine activities make our hearts happy.
Of course make can also be tied to a verb:
🙂 She made me do it!
In this case you need the structure:
subject + make + object + V1
So, make is actually easier to use than you might think:
- She makes me happy (adj).
- She makes me laugh (v).
😦 Some people claim that working hours for labours in factories are too long.
Here an Indonesian student is trying to find a synonym for ‘worker’. Unfortunately the hierarchy of ‘work’ is labelled differently in English.
In English a ‘labourer’ (‘labour’ + ‘er’) does work that distinguish him or her from other kinds of worker:
- Labourers are usually unskilled.
- Labourers often have to use physical strength because their work requires them to lift and carry things.
- The work of labourers is generally outdoor work.
- Labouring is often dirty work.
- Labouring is not very well paid in most countries.
Here are some pictures of ‘labourers’.
If you want to use a synonym for ‘worker’ then try to consider:
- where the work takes place
- the level of skill involved
- the salary it attracts
These considerations will lead you to a more accurate label for the work you are talking or writing about. In IELTS a more accurate label is also likely to get you a higher score for Lexical Resource (vocabulary).
This dictionary entry offers a wide selection of labels for different kinds of work.
Other word forms and idioms
Labourer – the person (countable)
Labour – noun (uncountable, abstract meaning)
Labour – verb
Laborious – adjective (Sometimes skilled work can be ‘laborious’, especially if it requires physical effort or is repetitive).
Hard labour – A form of punishment used by tyrannical governments, often for political prisoners. If my work feels like hard labour, it’s very hard work!
In labour – Giving birth!
Labour over something – Work extra hard at a task.
😦 Some people believe that the existence of machines helps to generate more profit than loss.
This is a common translation problem for Indonesians. Keberadaan!
In English it is automatically assumed that things and people exist, unless otherwise stated.
🙂 Some people believe that machines help to generate more profit than loss.
🙂 Some people believe that the absence of machines can result in losses.
Incidentally, can anyone guess the names of the couple in the cover photo for this post, and why were they chosen? Comments below! 🙂
😦 In conclusion, long working hours are necessary for human beings.
I’m guessing this may be a cultural issue.
Let’s try a quick test. Which of the following sentences is NOT about working hours and humans?
- Long working hours are necessary for human beings.
- Long working hours are necessary.
- Long working hours are necessary for ants.
Hopefully you chose number 3. In any discussion of working hours, and indeed of many other topics, we’re usually talking about human beings, unless otherwise specified.
The only time we really need to mention humans is when we’re contrasting them with non-humans!
😦 Different ethnics will have different languages to communicate.
This is one of those situations where the English word has been borrowed and its use altered. In this case what was in English an adjective has been turned into a noun.
English offers two word forms – ethnic (adjective), ethnicity (noun):
🙂 Different ethnic groups will have different languages to communicate.
🙂 People with different ethnicity will have different languages to communicate.
And by the way, how exactly do you describe your own ethnicity? Comments below!
😦 Constructing impressive buildings benefits more for visitors than local people.
This is another word that gets partly lost in translation. Let’s look at some possible improvements.
Benefit – verb
Constructing impressive buildings benefits visitors more than local people.
The verb ‘benefit’ is transitive, no preposition. Notice the position of ‘more’ in the comparison!
Beneficial – adjective
Constructing impressive buildings is more beneficial for visitors than for local people.
The adjective ‘beneficial’ may be followed by a preposition phrase – usually ‘beneficial + for’ (except “When attempting to lose weight it is more beneficial to exercise than to diet.”).
Without a comparative you might also write:
Constructing impressive buildings is beneficial.
Benefit – noun
The benefits to visitors of constructing impressive buildings are greater than the benefits to local people.
The noun ‘benefit’ – when applied to people (visitors) – is followed by ‘to‘.
When applied to things (constructing impressive buildings) it is followed by ‘of‘.